1986 a sister network of nbc (which acquired Telemundo in 2001). Public television has a far smaller role than in most other countries. However, a number of states, including West Virginia, maryland, kentucky, and south Carolina, among others, do have state-owned public broadcasting authorities which operate and fund all public television stations in their respective states. The income received from the government is insufficient to cover expenses and stations also rely on corporate sponsorships and viewer contributions. Directv and Dish Network are the major satellite television providers, with 20 and 14 million customers respectively as of February summary 2014. 9 meanwhile, the major cable television providers are comcast with 22 million customers, time warner Cable with 11 million, and Cox Communications, charter Communications, at t u-verse and Verizon fios with 56 million each. Motion pictures edit main article: Cinema of the United States In the 20th century, the motion picture industry rose to become one of the most successful and powerful industries in the. Along with other intellectual property industries, its relative importance to the American economy has strengthened as the importance of manufacturing and agriculture have decreased (due to globalization citation needed ).
Television edit main article: Television in the United States see also: Cable television in the United States see also: Satellite television in the United States Press photographers and film wallpaper crews at Barack Obama rally, february 4, 2008 Ninety-nine percent of American households have at least. Citation needed The four major broadcasters in the. Are the national Broadcasting Company ( nbc cbs (formerly the columbia broadcasting System the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) and the fox Broadcasting Company (Fox). Citation needed several Spanish language broadcast (as well as cable) networks exist, which are the most common form of non-English television broadcasts. These networks are not as widely distributed over-the-air as their English counterparts, available mostly in markets with sizeable latino and Hispanic populations; several of these over-the-air networks are alternatively fed directly to cable, satellite and iptv providers in markets without either the availability or the. The largest of these networks, Univision, launched in 1986 as a successor to the Spanish International Network. Its major competition is Telemundo (est.
The two biggest subscriptions based radio services are sirius Satellite radio and xm satellite radio, which have recently merged to form Sirius xm radio. Unlike terrestrial radio music channels are commercial free and other channels feature minimal commercials. Satellite radio also is not regulated by the fcc. During the advent of the internet in the 21st century, internet radio and digital streaming services have been emerged. Among popular brands are pandora and iheartRadio. Although, the recording industry also sees Internet radio as a threat and has attempted to impose high royalty rates for the use of recorded music to discourage independent stations from playing popular songs. Arbitron, a consumer research company, provides ratings (similar to the nielsen ratings) for national and local radio stations in the United States.
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Main article: books in the personal United States main article: Radio in the United States Fireside chat on government and capitalism (September 30, 1934) American radio broadcasts in two bands: fm and. Some stations are synthesis only talk radio featuring interviews and discussions while music radio stations broadcast one particular type of music: Top 40, hip-hop, country, etc. Radio broadcast companies have become increasingly consolidated in recent years. National Public Radio is the nation's primary public radio network, but most radio stations are commercial and profit-oriented. Talk radio as a political medium has also exploded in popularity during the 1990s, due to the 1987 repeal of the fairness Doctrine, which meant that stations no longer had to "balance" their day by programming alternative points of view.
Citation needed The federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1970 had limited the number of radio station one person or company could own to 1 am and 1 fm locally, and 7 am and 7 fm stations nationally. But due to extensive concentration of media ownership stemming from the telecommunications Act of 1996, radio companies could own not more than 8 local stations per area market. Most stations are now owned by major radio companies such as iheartMedia (formerly Clear Channel Communications cumulus Media, townsquare media, and cbs radio. See iboc and hd radio. A new form of radio that is gaining popularity is satellite radio.
The largest newspapers (by circulation) in the United States are usa today, the wall Street journal, the new York times and the los Angeles Times. See also: List of newspapers in the United States Magazines edit main article: List of United States magazines Thanks to the huge size of the English-speaking North American media market, the United States has a large magazine industry with hundreds of magazines serving almost every. Most magazines are owned by one of the large media conglomerates or by one of their smaller regional brethren. The American Society of Magazine Editors sponsors the annual National Magazine Awards recognizing excellence. Has three leading weekly news magazines : Time, newsweek and.
News and World Report. Time and Newsweek are center-left while. News and World Report tends to be center-right. Time is well known for naming a "Person of the year" each year, while. News publishes annual ratings of American colleges and universities. Also has over a dozen major political magazines, including The Atlantic and The new Yorker among others. Finally, besides the hundreds of specialized magazines that serve the diverse interests and hobbies of the American people, there are also dozens of magazines published by professional organizations for their members, such as Communications of the acm (for computer science specialists) and the aba journal.
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Probably due to competition from other media, the number of gpa daily newspapers in the. Has declined over the past half-century, according to Editor publisher, the trade journal of American newspapers. In particular, the number of evening newspapers has fallen by almost one-half since 1970, while the number of morning editions and Sunday editions has grown. For comparison, in 1950, there were 1,772 daily papers (and 1,450 or about 70 percent of them were evening papers) while in 2000, there were 1,480 daily papers (and 766—or about half—of them were evening papers.) daily newspaper circulation is also slowly declining in America. 55.8 million The primary source of newspaper income is advertising in the form of " classifieds " or inserted advertising circulars rather than circulation income. However, since the late 1990s, this revenue source has been directly challenged by web sites like ebay (for sales of secondhand items m (jobs and Craigslist (everything). Additionally, as investigative journalism declined at major daily newspapers in the 2000s, many reporters formed their own non-profit investigative newsrooms. Examples include ProPublica on the national level, texas Tribune at the state level and voice of oc at the local level.
Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has generally remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major news agency wire service, such as the Associated Press, reuters or Bloomberg. With very few exceptions, all the newspapers in the. Are privately owned, business either by large chains such as Gannett or McClatchy, which own dozens or even hundreds of newspapers; by small chains that own a handful of papers; or in a situation that is increasingly rare, by individuals or families. Most general-purpose newspapers are either being printed one time a week, usually on Thursday or Friday, or are printed daily. Weekly newspapers tend to have much smaller circulation and are more prevalent in rural communities or small towns. Major cities often have " alternative weeklies " to complement the mainstream daily paper(s for example, new York city's Village voice or Los Angeles'. Weekly, to name two of the best-known. Major cities may also support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, and papers for local ethnic and social groups.
households over the years. Does not have a national paper. The new York times, the wall Street journal, and usa today are the most circulated newspapers in the United States and are sold in most. 7 Although the times ' primary audience has always been the people of New York city, the new York times has gradually become the dominant national "newspaper of record." Apart from its daily nationwide distribution, the term means that back issues are archived on microfilm. The los Angeles Times and the wall Street journal are also newspapers of record to a lesser extent. Although usa today has tried to establish itself as a national paper, it has been widely derided by the academic world as the "McPaper" and is not subscribed to (let alone archived) by most libraries. Citation needed Apart from the newspapers just mentioned, all major metropolitan areas have their own local newspapers. Typically, a metropolitan area will support at most one or two major newspapers, with many smaller publications targeted towards particular audiences.
These mergers enable tighter control of information. 1, currently, five corporations control roughly 90 of the media. 2 3, critics allege that localism, local news and other content at the community level, media spending and coverage of news, and diversity small of ownership and views have suffered as a result of these processes of media concentration. 4, theories to explain the success of such companies include reliance on certain policies of the American federal government or a tendency to natural monopolies in the industry. See, media bias in the United States. Reporters Without Borders compiles and publishes an annual ranking of countries based upon the organisation's assessment of their press freedom records. In 201314 United States was ranked 46th out of 180 countries, a drop of thirteen points from the preceding year.
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"American Media" redirects here. For the publishing company, see. Media of the United States consist of several different types of media : television, radio, cinema, newspapers, magazines, and Internet-based. Also has a strong music industry. Many of the media are paperless controlled by large for-profit corporations who reap revenue from advertising, subscriptions, and sale of copyrighted material. American media conglomerates tend to be leading global players, generating large revenues as well as large opposition in many parts of the world. With the passage of the. Telecommunications Act of 1996, further deregulation and convergence are under way, leading to mega-mergers, further concentration of media ownership, and the emergence of multinational media conglomerates.