Four Bases for revising Writing Base 1: Unity Understanding Unity Checking for Unity base 2: Support Understanding Support Checking for Support Base 3: Coherence Understanding Coherence Checking for Coherence base 4: Sentence skills Understanding Sentence skills Checking for Sentence skills evaluating Paragraphs for All four. Exemplification Providing Examples Paragraphs to consider questions developing an Exemplification Paragraph development through Prewriting development through revising Writing an Exemplification Paragraph. Process Paragraphs to consider questions developing a process Paragraph development through Prewriting development through revising Writing a process Paragraph. Cause and Effect Paragraphs to consider questions developing a cause-and-Effect Paragraph development through Prewriting development through revising Writing a cause-and-Effect Paragraph. Comparison or Contrast Paragraphs to consider Methods of development One side at a time point by point Additional Paragraph to consider questions developing a comparison twist or Contrast Paragraph development through Prewriting development through revising Writing a comparison or Contrast Paragraph. Definition Paragraphs to consider questions developing a definition Paragraph development through Prewriting development through revising Writing a definition Paragraph. Division-Classification Paragraphs to consider questions developing a division-Classification Paragraph development through Prewriting development through revising Writing a division-Classification Paragraph.
Outlining, revising, part two: basic principles of effective writing. The first and Second Steps in Writing. Step1: Begin with a point, identifying Common Errors in Topic Sentences. Understanding the Two parts of a topic Sentence. Selecting a topic Sentence, writing a topic Sentence i, writing a topic Sentence i, writing a topic Sentence ii, step 2: Support the point with Specific evidence. The point as an "Umbrella" Idea. Reinforcing point and Support, the Importance of Specific Details, recognizing Specific Details. Recognizing Specific Details ii, providing Supporting evidence The Importance of Adequate details Identifying Adequate supporting evidence Adding Details to complete a paragraph Writing a simple paragraph. The Third Step and fourth Steps in Writing Step 3: Organize and Connect the Specific evidence common Methods of Organization: Time Order and Emphatic Order Transitions Other Connecting Words Step 4: Write Clear, Error-Free sentences revising Sentences Editing Sentences.
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An Introduction to Writing, point and Support. An Important Difference between writing and Talking. Point and Support in a pragraph. Knowing your Purpose and Audience, benefits of Paragraph Writing, writing as a skill. Writing as a process of Discovery. Keeping a journal, tips on Using a computer, ways to Use a computer at Each Stage of the building Writing Process.
The Writing Process, prewriting, www technique 1: Freewriting, technique 2: questioning. Technique 3: making a list, technique 4: Clustering, technique 5: Preparing a scratch Outline. Writing a first Draft, writing a first Draft: a student Model. Revising, revising Content, revising Sentences, editing, an Illustration of the revising and Editing Processes. Review Activities, taking a writing Inventory, prewriting.
Comma around Words That Interrupt the Flow of Thought 5004. Comma between Complete Thoughts 5015. Comma with Direct"tions 5026. Comma with everyday material 503.Other Punctuation Marks 506Colon 506Semicolon 506Dash (-) 507Parentheses 507Hyphen (-) 508section iv: word use 51239.Spelling Improvement 513Step 1: Use the dictionary 513Step 2: keep a personal Spelling List 513Step 3: Master Commonly confused Words 514Step 4: learn key words. Kennedy 638Neat people. Sloppy people, suzanne Brit (book excerpt) 644Petophila, jon Katz 649 Confronting Problems 655How to make it in College, now That you're here, brian o'keeney 655In Praise of the f word, mary Sherry 664Is Sex All That Matters?, joyce garity 669Cyberbullying, Thomas.
Billitteri 676Why Profiling Won't Work, william Raspberry 683Here's to your health, joan Dunayer 688appendix a: Writing a resume and cover Letter appendix b: Writing a formal E-mail 695appendix c: Transition Words and Phrases 696credits 697index 699. Becoming a writer is a journey, and Exploring Writing: Paragraphs and Essays will serve as your students guidebook every step of the way. Emphasizing both process and practice, with a focus on revision, this text will help students apply and advance their writing skills. Mastering essential sentence skills, learning to write effective paragraphs and essays, and becoming a critical reader are turning points for every writer, and they will prepare the students for writing situations in college and beyond. John Langan has taught reading and writing at Atlantic Community college near Atlantic City, new Jersey, for over twenty years. The author of a popular series of college textbooks on both subjects, he enjoys the challenge of developing materials that teach skills in an especially clear and lively way. Before teaching, he earned advanced degrees in writing at Rutgers University and in reading at Glassboro State college. He also spent a year writing fiction. Preface, part 1: writing: skills and process.
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Writing a research Paper 367 Step 1: Select a topic That you can readily research 368Researching at a local Library 368Researching on the Internet hazlitt 368Step 2: Limit your Topic and make the purpose of your Paper Clear 368Step 3: Gather Information on your Limited Topic. 400Turning On your Sentence sense 400Summary: Using Sentence sense agments 403Dependent-Word Fragments 403How to correct a depedent-Word Fragment 404-ing and to Fragments 406How to correct -ing Fragments 407How to correct to Fragments 407Added-Detail Fragments 409How to correct Missing-Subject Fragments 409Missing-Subject Fragments 411How to correct Missing-Subject. 415How to correct Run-Ons? 416Method 1: Period and a capital Letter 416Method 2: Comma and a joining Word 417Method 3: Semicolon 420a note on Subordination gular and Irregular Verbs 426Regular Verbs 426A Brief review of Regular Verbs 426Nonstandard Forms of Regular Verbs 426Irregular Verbs 428a list of Irregular Verbs. 454Using Adjectives to compare 455Points to remember about Comparing 455Adverbs 456What are Adverbs? 456a common Mistake with Adverbs and Adjectives 456Well and good 45731.Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers 459Misplaced Modifiers 459Dangling Modifiers 460section ii: mechanics nuscript Form pital Letters 472Main Uses of Capital Letters 472First Word in a sentence or Direct"tion 472Names and Titles 472Other Uses of Capital. Comma between Items in a series 4982. Comma after essay Introductory material 4993.
Introduction to Essay development 254What Is an Essay? 255Differences Between an Essay and Paragraph 255Structure of essay the Traditional Essay 255a model Essay 255Parts of an Essay 256Introductory paragraph 256Body: Supporting. Paragraphs 257Concluding Paragraph 258Diagram of an Essay 259Identifying the parts of an Essay 260Important Considerations in Essay development 262Determining your point of view 262 doing a personal review 264. Writing the Essay 265Step 1: Begin with a point, or Thesis 266 Understanding Thesis Statements 266Writing a good Thesis I 266Writing a good Thesis ii 268Step 2: Support the Thesis with Specific evidence 273 The Importance of Specific Details 275The Importance of Adequate details 276Adding. Essays for All four Bases: Unity, support, coherence, and Sentence skills 291. Introductions, conclusions, and Titles 295 Introductory paragraph 296Functions of the Introduction 296Common Methods of Introduction 296Concluding Paragraph 299Common Methods of Conclusion 299Identifying Introductions and Conclusions 301Titles 302 Essay writing Assignments 304. Patterns of Essay development 309 developing an Essay with Emphasis on Exemplification 310 Considering Purpose and Audience 310Student Essay to consider 310Writing an Essay with Emphasis on Exemplification 313 developing an Essay with Emphasis on Narration 314Considering Purpose and Audience 315Student Essay to consider 315Writing. Special College skills 346 taking Essay exams 347 Step 1: Anticipate ten Probable questions 347Step 2: Prepare and Memorize an Informal Outline Answer for Each question 348Step 3: look at the Exam Carefully and do several Things 349Step 4: Prepare a brief, Informal Outline before.
to consider 180developing a process Paragraph 182development through Prewriting 182development through revising 184Writing a process Paragraph 184. Cause and Effect 189Paragraphs to consider 190developing a cause-and-Effect Paragraph 191development through Prewriting 191development through revising 193Writing a cause-and-Effect Paragraph 193. Comparison or Contrast 198Paragraphs to consider 199Methods of development 200One side at a time 200Point by point 201Additional Paragraph to consider 204developing a comparison or Contrast Paragraph 205development through Prewriting 205development through revising 207Writing a comparison or Contrast Paragraph 208. Definition 212Paragraphs to consider 213developing a definition Paragraph 215development through Prewriting 215development through revising 217Writing a definition Paragraph 217. Division-Classification 222Paragraphs to consider 223developing a division-Classification Paragraph 226development through Prewriting 226development through revising 228Writing a division-Classification Paragraph 229. Argument 233Strategies for Arguments 234Use tactful, courteous Language 234Point Out Common Ground 235Acknowledge differing viewpoints 235When Appropriate, grant the merits of Differing viewpoints 235Rebut Differing viewpoints 235Paragraphs to consider 238developing an Argument Paragraph 240development through Prewriting 240development through revising 243Writing an Argument Paragraph 244. Part four: essay development 25215.
The first and Second Steps. Writing 54Step 1: Begin with a point 55Identifying Common Errors in Topic Sentences 57Understanding the Two parts of a topic Sentence 59Selecting a topic Sentence 61Writing a topic Sentence i 62Writing a topic Sentence ii 64Step oliver 2: Support the point with Specific evidence 65The point. The Third and fourth Steps. Writing 84Step 3: Organize and Connect the Specific evidence 85Common Methods of Organization: Time Order and Emphatic Order 85Transitions 90Other Connecting Words 96Step 4: Write Clear, Error-Free sentences 99 revising Sentences 99Editing Sentences 117. Four Bases for revising, writing 120 Base 1: Unity 121Understanding Unity 121Checking for Unity 123Base 2: Support 127Understanding Support 127Checking for Support 128Base 3: Coherence 130Understanding Coherence 130Checking for Coherence 132Base 4: Sentence skills 136Understanding Sentence skills 136Checking for Sentence skills 139Evaluating. Paragraphs for All four Bases: Unity, support, coherence, and Sentence skills 140. Part three: paragraph development 1466. Exemplification 148Paragraphs to consider 149developing an Exemplification Paragraph 151development through Prewriting 151development through revising 153Writing an Exemplification Paragraph 153.
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Home exploring, writing, book paragraphs, and, essays 2nd, edition exploring, writing, paragraphs, and, essays 2nd, edition exploring writing paragraphs and essays 2nd edition - exploring writing paragraphs and essays 2nd edition exploring writing paragraphs and essays 2nd exploring writing paragraphs and essays 2nd edition - exploring. Exploring, writing : paragraphs, and, essays, 3/eby john Langantable of contentspreface xxiipart one: writing : skills and process. Writing 4Point and Support 5An Important Difference between. Writing and Talking 5Point and Support in a paragraph 6Knowing your Purpose and Audience 8Benefits of Paragraph. Writing 9Writing as a skill 9Writing as a process of Discovery 11Keeping a journal 12Tips on Using a computer 14Ways to Use a computer at Each Stage of the. Writing, process. The, writing, process 19Prewriting 20Technique 1: Freewriting 20Technique 2: questioning 23Technique 3: making a list 24Technique 4: Clustering 26Technique 5: Preparing a scratch Outline 27Writing a first Draft 28Writing a first Draft: a student Model 29revising 30revising Content 31revising Sentences 31Editing 31An Illustration of the. Writing, inventory 36 Prewriting 38Outlining 40revising. Part two: basic principles of effective.