25 koenig, who had been on Nelson's organizing committee in 1969, has said that the idea came to him by the coincidence of his birthday with the day selected, April 22; "Earth day" rhyming with "birthday the connection seemed natural. 26 27 Other names circulated during preparations—Nelson himself continued to call it the national Environment teach-In, but national coordinator Denis hayes used the term Earth day in his communications and press coverage of the event was review "practically unanimous" in its use of "Earth day. 25 The introduction of the name "Earth day" was also claimed by john McConnell (see "Equinox Earth day below). 28 Earth day canada paul Tinari officially launched the first Canadian Earth day on September 11, 1980 included are Flora macDonald mp, ken keyes and. Ronald Watts The first Canadian Earth day was held on Thursday, september 11, 1980, and was organized by paul. Tinari, then a graduate student in Engineering Physics/Solar Engineering at queen's University. Flora macDonald, then mp for Kingston and the Islands and former Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, officially opened Earth day week on September 6, 1980 with a ceremonial tree planting and encouraged MPs and mpps across the country to declare a cross-Canada annual.
As the millennium approached, hayes agreed to spearhead another campaign, this time focusing on global warming and pushing for clean energy. The April 22 Earth day in 2000 combined the big-picture feistiness of the first Earth day with the international grassroots activism of Earth day 1990. For 2000, earth day had the internet to help link activists around the world. By the time April 22 came around, 5,000 environmental groups around the world were on board reaching essay out to hundreds of millions of people in a record 184 countries. Events varied: A talking drum chain traveled from village to village in Gabon, africa, for example, while hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the national Mall in Washington,. Earth day 2007 was one of the largest Earth days to date, with many people participating in the activities in thousands of places including kiev, ukraine ; Caracas, venezuela ; tuvalu ; Manila, philippines ; Togo ; Madrid, spain ; London ; and New York. For Earth day 2017, the earth day network created four toolkits to aid organizations wanting to hold teach-ins to celebrate the theme "Environmental and Climate literacy." 24 The four toolkits are: Earth day action toolkit: Educating and Activating Communities for Change Environmental teach-in toolkit Global. 24 The earth day name According to nelson, the moniker "Earth day" was "an obvious and logical name" suggested by a lot of other people in the fall of 1969, including, he writes, both "a friend of mine who had been in the field.
22 Earth day 2000 Earth day 2000 combined the ambitious spirit of the first Earth day with the international grassroots activism of Earth day 1990. This was the first year that Earth day used the Internet as its principal organizing tool, and it proved invaluable nationally and internationally. Kelly evans, a professional political organizer, served as executive director of the 2000 campaign. The event ultimately enlisted more than 5,000 environmental groups outside the United States, reaching hundreds of millions of people in a record 183 countries. Leonardo dicaprio was the official host for the event, and about 400,000 participants stood in the cold rain during the course of the day. Subsequent Earth day events to turn Earth day into a sustainable annual event rather than one that occurred every 10 years, nelson and Bruce Anderson, new Hampshire's lead organizers in 1990, formed Earth day usa. Building on the momentum created by thousands of community organizers around the world, earth day usa coordinated the next five earth day celebrations through 1995, including the launch of EarthDay. Following the 25th Anniversary in 1995, the coordination baton was handed to earth day network.
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Earth day 1990 employed strategies including focus group testing, direct mail fund raising, and email marketing. The earth day 20 foundation highlighted its April 22 activities in george, washington, near the write columbia river with a live satellite phone call with members of the historic Earth day 20 International peace Climb who called from their base camp on mount everest to pledge. 20 The earth day 20 International peace Climb was led by jim Whittaker, the first American to summit. Everest (many years earlier and marked the first time in history that mountaineers from the United States, soviet Union, and China had roped together network to climb a mountain, let alone. 20 The group also collected more than two tons of trash (transported down the mountain by support groups along the way) that was left behind on mount everest from previous climbing expeditions.
The master of ceremonies for the columbia gorge event was the tv star, john Ratzenberger, from " Cheers and the headlining musician was the "Father of Rock and Roll Chuck berry. Records released an Earth day-themed single in 1990 entitled "Tomorrow's World written by kix Brooks (who would later become one-half of Brooks dunn ) and Pam Tillis. 21 The song featured vocals from Lynn Anderson, butch baker, shane barmby, billy hill, suzy bogguss, kix Brooks,. Graham Brown, the burch Sisters, holly dunn, foster lloyd, vince gill, william lee golden, highway 101, shelby lynne, johnny rodriguez, dan seals, les taylor, pam Tillis, mac Wiseman, and kevin Welch. It charted at number 74 on the hot country songs chart dated may 5, 1990.
17 Since manhattan was also the home of nbc, cbs, abc, the new York times, time, and Newsweek, it provided the best possible anchor for national coverage from their reporters throughout the country. Senator Edmund Muskie was the keynote speaker on Earth day in fairmount Park in Philadelphia. Other notable attendees included consumer protection activist and presidential candidate ralph Nader ; Landscape Architect Ian McHarg ; Nobel prize-winning Harvard biochemist, george wald ;. Senate minority leader, hugh Scott ; and poet, Allen Ginsberg. Earth day 1990 Mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues onto the world stage, earth day activities in 1990 gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations Earth.
Unlike the first Earth day in 1970, this 20th Anniversary was waged with stronger marketing tools, greater access to television and radio, and multimillion-dollar budgets. Two separate groups formed to sponsor Earth day events in 1990: The earth day 20 foundation, assembled by Edward Furia (Project Director of Earth week in 1970 and Earth day 1990, assembled by denis hayes (National coordinator for Earth day 1970). Senator gaylord Nelson, the original founder of Earth day, was honorary chairman for both groups. The two did not combine forces over disagreements about leadership of combined organization and incompatible structures and strategies. Among the disagreements, key earth day 20 foundation organizers were critical of Earth day 1990 for including on their board Hewlett-Packard, a company that at the time was the second-biggest emitter of chlorofluorocarbons in Silicon Valley and refused to switch to alternative solvents. In terms of marketing, earth day 20 had a grassroots approach to organizing and relied largely on locally based groups like the national Toxics Campaign, a boston-based coalition of 1,000 local groups concerned with industrial pollution.
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Among the group were Fred Kent, pete Grannis, and Kristin and William Hubbard. This group agreed pdf to head up the new York city activities within the national movement. Fred Kent took the lead in renting an office and recruiting volunteers. "The big break came when mayor Lindsay agreed to shut down Fifth avenue for the event. A giant cheer went up in the office on that day according to Kristin Hubbard (now Kristin Alexandre ). 'From that time on we used mayor Lindsay's offices and even his staff. I was Speaker coordinator but had tremendous help from Lindsay staffer Judith Crichton.". Senator Edmund Muskie speaking at fairmount Park, philadelphia on Earth day, 1970 In addition to shutting down Fifth avenue, mayor John Lindsay made central Park available for Earth day. In Union Square, new York times estimated crowds of up to 20,000 people at any given time and, perhaps, as many as over 100,000 over the course of the day.
11 The organizers of Environmental Rights day, led by marc McGinnes, had been working closely over a period of several months with Congressman Pete McCloskey (r-ca) to consult on the creation of the national Environmental Policy Act, the first of many new environmental protection laws. Both McCloskey (Earth day co-chair with Senator gaylord Nelson ) and Earth day organizer Denis hayes, along with Senator Alan Cranston, paul Ehrlich, david Brower and other prominent leaders, endorsed the declaration and spoke about it at the Environmental Rights day conference. According to Francis Sarguis, "the conference was sort of like the baptism for the movement." 12 Nash, garrett Hardin, mcGinnes and others went on to develop the first undergraduate Environmental Studies program of its kind at the University of California at Santa barbara. 13 Earth day 1970 The first Earth day celebrations took place in two thousand colleges and universities, roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools, and hundreds of communities across the United States. More importantly, it "brought 20 million Americans out into the spring sunshine for peaceful demonstrations in favor of environmental reform." 14 It now is observed in 192 countries, and coordinated by the nonprofit Earth day network, chaired by the first Earth day 1970 organizer Denis. Environmental groups have sought to make earth day into a day of action to change human behavior and provoke policy changes. 16 New York city summary In the winter of 19691970, a group of students met at Columbia university to hear Denis hayes talk about his plans for Earth day.
world faces. In 2017, the march for Science occurred on Earth day (April 22, 2017) and was followed by the people's Climate mobilization (April 29, 2017). Contents Santa barbara oil Blowout 1969 main article: 1969 Santa barbara oil spill On January 28, 1969, a well drilled by Union Oil Platform a off the coast of Santa barbara, california, blew out. More than three million gallons of oil spewed, killing over 10,000 seabirds, dolphins, seals, and sea lions. As a reaction to this natural disaster, activists were mobilized to create environmental regulation, environmental education, and Earth day. Among the proponents of Earth day were the people in the front lines of fighting this disaster, selma rubin, marc McGinnes, and Bud Bottoms, founder of Get Oil Out. 9 According to kate Wheeling, denis hayes told her that Senator gaylord Nelson from Wisconsin saw the santa barbara Channel 800 square-mile oil slick from an airplane, which gave him the impetus to organize earth day. 10 Santa barbaras Environmental Rights day 1970 On the first anniversary of the oil blowout, january 28, 1970, Environmental Rights day is celebrated, where the declaration of Environmental Rights is read. It had been written by rod Nash during a boat trip across the santa barbara Channel while carrying a copy of Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence.
In 1969 at a, unesco. Conference in San Francisco, peace activist, john McConnell movie proposed a day to honor the earth and the concept of peace, to first be celebrated on March 21, 1970, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. This day of nature's equipoise was later sanctioned in a proclamation written by McConnell and signed by secretary general. U thant at the, united Nations. A month later a separate earth day was founded. United States Senator, gaylord Nelson as an environmental teach-in first held on April 22, 1970. Nelson was later awarded the. Presidential Medal of Freedom award in recognition of his work. 6, while this April 22 Earth day was focused on the United States, an organization launched.
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Not to be confused with the electricity switch off called. Earth hour, celebrated in March. Earth day is an annual event celebrated on April. Worldwide, various events are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First celebrated in 1970, earth day events in more than 193 writing countries 1 are now coordinated globally by the earth day network. 2, on Earth day 2016, the landmark. Paris Agreement was signed by the, united States, china, and some 120 other countries. 3 4 5, this signing satisfied a key requirement for the entry into force of the historic draft climate protection treaty adopted by consensus of the 195 nations present at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change conference in Paris.